Official Definition of Literacy, 2011
Literacy represents the lifelong, intellectual process of gaining meaning from print. Key to all literacy is reading development, which involves a progression of skills that begins with the ability to understand spoken words and decode written words, and culminates in the deep understanding of text. Reading development involves a range of complex language underpinnings including awareness of speech sounds (phonology), spelling patterns (orthography), word meaning (semantics), grammer (syntax) and patterns of word formation (morphology), all of which provide a neccessary platform for reading fluency and comprehension. Once these skills are acquired, the reader can attain full English literacy, which includes the abilities to approach printed material with critical analysis, inference and synthesis; to write with accuracy and coherence; and to use information and insights from text as the basis for informed decisions and creative thought.
Simple Definition of Literacy, 2011
Literacy, in all languages, is the ability to read for knowledge, write coherently, and think critically about printed material so one is able to engage in analysis, critique, synthesis, and to utilize information read to formulate ideas and make informed decisions.
1. the ability to read and write
2. the ability to use language proficiently